The Guide To A Car’s Suspension System

You probably realize that your car’s suspension system is responsible for providing a comfortable driving experience. And that’s true. In fact, you could presumably remove the entire thing from your vehicle and continue driving without a problem (other than sore muscles, of course). But, you may not know how they work or why they become less effective. What we’re going to do in this article is explore some of the fundamentals. I’ll explain what a suspension system does and some of the parts that are involved.
Before we get started, it’s worth noting that this is a large topic that encompasses many different facets. As technology changes, automakers design better systems. We’ll cover some basics today and dig a little deeper in future columns.
What Does It Do?
Imagine riding a bicycle over bumpy terrain. You’d be able to feel nearly every bump, right? If your car didn’t have a suspension system, you’d feel every small bump and crevice in the road while driving. In effect, it serves as a cushion or buffer between you and your passengers, and the pavement beneath you. Without it, driving would be unpleasant and you’d likely feel sore for several days afterward.
The Role Of Springs
Coil springs are used in order to dampen the impact from the road. ford spare parts ’re located by each tire and either compress or extend based upon bumps or dips. For example, if you’re driving over a 3-inch hole, the springs would compensate by extending. If you drove over a 2-inch bump, they’d compress. The higher quality the springs, the more comfortable the ride.
The Role Of Shocks
Shock absorbers also play a key role. However, they’re oddly-named because they don’t actually absorb anything. That’s the springs’ job. Instead, shocks distribute accumulated energy. To grasp the concept of how (and why) shocks work, it’s helpful to understand how a normal spring works. Whenever it extends or compresses, it builds energy.
Try to picture a spring bouncing up and down. As it does so, the energy builds and is released, over and over until it comes to a rest. That’s exactly what shocks do for your suspension system; they release the pent-up energy in the springs. If they didn’t, your car would keep bouncing up and down as you’re driving. In fact, when shock absorbers wear out, that’s what happens.
So, those are the basics. Again, we’re only skimming the surface here and we’ll come back to them in an upcoming column. For now, just remember that without the suspension, your body would be sore each time you drove your car. Next time, we’ll go into more detail.